Cockglode House

Cockglode House is one of Nottinghamshire’s “lost houses”.  Until demolition in 1956 it was sited north of the Edwinstowe – Ollerton Road (A 6075).     When Sherwood was a Royal Forest, it is said that the Ranger’s Lodge for the Hays of Birkland and Bilhaugh stood here, and in early times would have been in the occupation of an official of the Crown. By the 1700’s it was disused and described as “a tumble-down cottage”.

The publication “Parish Registers of Edwinstowe for 1634 – 1758” (edited by George W Marshall, L.L.D., F.S.A., and Appendix by Cecil G Saville Foljambe, Esq., M.P. F.S.A.) provides evidence of occupation in Cockglode, as indicated by the following records:

BAPTISMS

1665                28th May             Thomas s John Officer & Mary               Cockgload                    

1667                19th January      Edward s Jo Officer &…..                           Cockgloude House

1674                17th January      Joshua s Thomas…..                                Cockglode

BURIALS

1654                21st Dec.            John Dutton father of a family                Cockglode, Bilhay

1663                26th Sept            Robert Duttonne                                      Cockgloade

It is also worthy of note that the surname Officer or Offiser appears in the registers for Edwinstowe residents:

BAPTISED

1667                10th Nov.           Roger s Roger Officer & Mary, Edwinstow

1670                18th June           Marye d Roger Officer & Mary, Edwinstow

1672                8th June             John s Rodger Officer, Edwinstow

1673                1st June              Mary d Rodger Officer

BURIED

1671                18th Aug            Mary Officer, Edwinstow

1672                12th June           John Officer

1679                16th Feb             Elizabeth Offiser

1682                14th June           Rodgger Officer

When Charles Green died on 4th October, 1664 his abode was listed as “Cabbin in Birkland”.  Is it possible that a similar description could have been applied to the dwelling in Cockglode at that time?

In the year 1818 the Crown wanted the Advowson of St Mary-le-Bone owned by the Duke of Portland, so an exchange was agreed for Bilhaugh and Birklands in 1828. This allowed the Duke of Portland to complete a secondary deal with Earl Manvers at Thoresby exchanging Holbeck for Birklands and Bilhaugh, including Cockglode.  Thus, in 1833 Cockglode became part of the Thoresby estate.

Early 20th century postcard showing ‘Burstheart Hill’ & ‘Entrance to Cockglode, Ollerton’.

 

1724 – 1776

In 1724 (or thereabouts) the Rev. William Stern built a house on the site leased from Edward Harley, the Earl of Oxford, and was responsible for planting an impressive avenue of Scots Pines.

Avenue of Scotch Firs, Ollerton

The following is an extract from Nottinghamshire History “the Scenery of Sherwood Forest” by Joseph Rodgers (1908)

ONE can imagine this house, standing alone in a grove of old forest trees, to have been erected from the same love of nature that inspired Sir Thomas Wortley to build the Lodge at the summit of the Crags on Wharncliffe Chase “for his plesor to here the hartes bel.” Its name speaks of the winged creatures of the wood.

The most remarkable feature within these grounds is the avenue of Scotch Firs near the Ollerton entrance. The fir is always a stately tree and being planted here in formal lines has a grand and majestic look. Unfortunately, it does not attain to any great age, for the roots scarcely penetrate into the sandy soil, and the rich loam of the surface is very thin. From this cause the avenue has lost some of its finest trees. On counting the rings of one which died in 1877, it was found to be 150 years old.

It is pleasant on a summer’s day to rest at the foot of one of these tall firs, for in this secluded garden of the forest, the commonest sounds of nature, even the droning hum of the bee, or the chirp of the grasshopper, are full of poetic feeling. Sometimes, during the deepening twilight of the spring, the nightingale makes the wood re-echo with its sweet melancholy strains. In early summer the cuckoo haunts these firs all day; its notes varied by the song of the thrush or the blackbird, the quick tapping of the nuthatch, or the wild cry of the woodpecker. Perhaps a slight stir is heard among the trees overhead, and a squirrel descends to the ground from his nest; he suddenly stops, and, with head poised on one side, fixes his bright eye upon the intruder, but seeing no hostile movement, proceeds very leisurely on his way. This morning there might be noticed under the garden paling, looking quite dazed in the sunlight, a young owl that has evidently wandered from its nest; whilst the loud note of warning is often sounded by the rustic youth near the hen-coops, to scare away sly Reynard.

1776 – 1797

In 1776 Dr George Aldrich , who was searching for a house in the area, was attracted to Cockglode and requested help from the Duke of Portland and the Duchess of Kingston to get a lease of Cockglode.  He was credited as having built the elegant residence.

 

Cockglode House as sketched by John Throsby, c.1790

Courtesy of Sherwood Forest Trust

Burial records in Ollerton Church record that his first wife, Anne Bland, died on 19th January, 1785.  Subsequently he married Sibylla Benson in 1783.  Burial records in Ollerton church record the death of Dr Aldrich on 22nd July, 1797 . He left an annuity of £12.10s to enable a service to be held every Sunday in Ollerton Church.

Copy of burial register in Ollerton Church.

In November 2019 BBC 4 televised a programme relating to a portrait of George Aldrich, painted by an Italian artist (Pompeo Batoni), which posed a mystery as to why such a highly regarded artist painted a Nottinghamshire physician.

Wikimedia

1797 – 1837

The next occupier of the house was Sir Robert Shore Milnes, Bart., who served in early life in the Royal Horse Guards Blue, had been Governor of Martinique, and Lieutenant Governor of Lower Canada from 1799 to 1805.  In 1785 he married Charlotte Frances Bentinck, great granddaughter of William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland, which may have been the reason for choosing to live at Cockglode. He was created a Baronet in 1801, and died at Tunbridge Wells in December, 1837. His wife died at Tunbridge in 1850. 

 

 

 

 

Portrait of Sir Robert painted by Joseph Wright of Derby.  Wikipedia

1837 – 1869

The next tenant of Cockglode was Colonel the Hon. Savile Henry Lumley who married, in 1806, Mary Henrietta Tahourdin, born in 1778.   He died in 1846, and was buried at Edwinstowe. His widow remained tenant of Cockglode until her death in July, 1869.  Both are buried in a vault in St Mary’s Church, Edwinstowe.  The 1841 census records show that there were 3 servants and a gardener employed at the house.  According to the 1851 census the household employed a housekeeper, cook, housemaid, kitchen maid, coachman and a footman. In 1844 the house was enlarged.

Cockglode house c.1910

1869 – 1897

Cecil George Savile Foljambe became the next tenant.   In 1806 he married Louisa Blanche Howard who died in 1871.  They had 2 children.  A window in the south wall of the chancel in St Mary’s church commemorates his wife Louisa.  In 1877 he married his wife’s cousin, Susan Cavendish, eldest daughter of William Henry Frederick Cavendish. She died in 1917.  They had 11 children.   A Nottinghamshire M.P from 1880 – 1892,  he was raised to the peerage in 1893 as Baron Hawksbury of Haselbech, then became Earl Liverpool in 1906.   Having lived at Cockglode for twenty-eight years he left for his Yorkshire home, Kirkham Abbey, in 1897, where he died in 1907.  At the time of the 1871 census staff included a butler, housekeeper, kitchen maid, and housemaid.  The census for 1881 included a butler, housekeeper cook, nurse, lady’s maid, footman, groom helper, housemaid, kitchen maid, nursery maid, and house maid.

* A snap-shot of life in the 1800s at the end of the document

Wikipedia

The stained glass in the south window of the chancel, in St. Mary’s Church, to the memory of Mrs. Cecil Foljambe, the first wife of Mr. Cecil Foljambe, of Cockglode, is a pleasant piece of colour, and a fine specimen of modern work.

Wikipedia

1897 – 1912

No record of the tenants, although some records mention expenditure on Cockglode between 1898 and 1911 amounted to £1,684.18.9.

1912 – 1940

In 1912 Eva Henrietta Hutton (twice widowed – first husband Captain Hon Cornwallis Maude;  second husband Colonel George Holden Hutton) came to live in Cockglode with her daughter, Lady Eveline Maude.  She had agreed with Earl Manvers, an annual rent of £200, from Lady Day 1912 to 1914, which included the fishing rights on the river Maun.  At this time the insurance premium for the house and outbuildings cost £1.10.0.  Both Mrs Hutton and Lady Eveline took an active interest in the local community.

Mrs Hutton on the lawn, Cockglode House

When Mrs Hutton died in 1940, Lady Eveline left Cockglode to live at “The Kennels” at Thoresby.  There is a belief that Lady Maud Hoare lived at Cockglode, which is not the case.  The confusion appears to be the Christian name Maud (Lady Hoare) and surname Maude (Lady Eveline).

1940 – 1956

Cockglode became difficult to let as a large house, so it was converted into eight flats:  two each side of a central front door, the other four accessed by the one staircase. Each flat typically comprised two bedrooms, a sitting room, a kitchen, and pantry.  The bathroom was shared.  The rent was collected by Miss Freeman who came over from an office on Fourth Avenue, Edwinstowe.  (The office was sited where currently stands P G Lock, the butchers, and incorporates the date 1933 in its brickwork).

Thoresby Colliery was opened in 1928, and sited adjacent to Cockglode.   As the colliery expanded to mine deeper coal seams more land was required for tipping the waste spoil, so the NCB bought Cockglode and its immediate grounds.  The sale price for the plot of 18- and three-quarter acres, was £3,500 and included the house and the roadway.

1956

Cockglode was demolished and disappeared under the colliery tip.

  • Edwinstowe Cockglode House c1955

1958 – 2019

To mark the millennium, local Rotarians planted trees to cover the restored colliery tip, and the area has been named “Cockglode Wood.”

Entrance to and view from “Cockglode and Rotary Woods”

Much of the habitat management work is done on a voluntary basis by the Friends of Sherwood Heath in conjunction with the Sherwood Forest Community Rangers.

Acknowledgements to:  Ian Gordon Craig (Thoresby blogspot), Nottinghamshire History, The Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire, and Sherwood Forest Trust.  Also, Stonebridge Trust Pierrrepont Archives, for dates regarding lease of the property.

*COCKGLODE HOUSE – Census 1841

NAME STATUS AGE OCCUPATION BIRTH PLACE
Susan Watkinson F 30 servant Notts
Ann Parker F 20 Servant Notts
Mary Ridley F 20 Servant Notts
William M 45 Gardener Notts

Cockglode House – Census 1851

NAME STATUS AGE OCCUPATION BIRTH PLACE
Maria Lowe U F 38 Servant Housekeeper Edwinstowe
Susannah Wadkins U F 40 Servant Cook Ollerton
Dorothea Toor U F 19 Housemaid Budby
Sarah Beverly U F 20 Kitchen maid Mansfield Woodhouse
John Maltby U M 29 Coachman Southwell
William Newton U M 13 Footman Edwinstowe

Cockglode House – Census 1871

NAME STATUS AGE OCCUPATION BIRTH PLACE
Henry Wells M 57 Butler Rufford
Sarah Smith U 29 Housekeeper Grantham
Harriet Southall U 19 Kitchen maid Cresswell
Fanny Cutts U 20 Housemaid Wellow
Cecil G S Foljambe M 34 Head of House. Retired Ltnt RN, M.P., J.P. Worksop
Susan Louisa W 32 Caldicot, Herts
Arthur Wde BS S 10 Scholar Eastbourne
Gerald W F S S 2 St Martins in the Fields, London
Edith M E M D 1 London

Cockglode House – Census 1881

NAME STATUS AGE OCCUPATION BIRTH PLACE
Alice E G M Foljambe 6 months Edwinstowe
William Foxhall U 29 Butler London
Emma Lay 43 Housekeeper Cook Berks
Margaret Tosh W 35 Nurse Scotland
Lydia Green M 26 Lady’s maid Devon
William Taylor U 22 Footman Hamps
George Shacklock 20 Groom helper Sheffield
Jane Downing 19 Housemaid Boughton
Mary Innes 21 Kitchen maid Hereford
Margaret Williams 18 Nursery maid Montgomeryshire
Louisa Kitchen 15 Housemaid Wellow

Cockglode House – Census 1891

NAME RELATIONSHIP STATUS AGE OCCUPATION BIRTHPLACE
Cecil Foljambe Head Married 49 MP for Mansfield Worksop
Susan Foljambe Wife Married 48 Caldicot
Arthur Foljambe Son Single 20 Second Lieutenant Eastbourne
Gerald Foljambe Son Single 12 Schoolboy St Martins in the Fields
Edith Foljambe Daughter Single 11 Under tuition St Martins in the Fields
Alice Foljambe Daughter Single 10 Under tuition Edwinstowe
Mable Daughter Single 9 Under tuition St Martins in the Fields
Josceli Foljambe Son Single 8 Schoolboy St Martins in the fields
Constance Foljambe Daughter Single 6 Edwinstowe
Robert Foljambe Son Single 4 Edwinstowe
Bertram Son Single 3m Edwinstowe
Robert Harris Servant Single 49 Butler Hartwell
Emma Lay Servant Single 56 Cook and housekeeper Woodley, Berks
Margaret Morrison Servant Single 50 Nurse Queen St.
Elizabeth Bullen Servant Single 38 Lady’s maid Soham
Susan Wright Servant Single 21 Under nurse Shenton, Lei.
Edith Witter Servant Single 25 Head housemaid Waverton
Marion Hampson Servant Single 19 Kitchen maid Newark
Annie Dallywater Servant Single 18 Second house maid Spalding
Sarah Haywood Servant Single 17 Nursery maid Ollerton
Annie Johnson Servant Single 18 Scullery maid Codner Park
Joseph Clark Servant Single 25 Footman Wooton
Sam Paling Servant Single 21 Stable helper Botheley